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Citation Guides: MLA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, and More  

This LibGuide covers the basics of MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.
Last Updated: Jul 2, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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This LibGuide was designed to help you cite your sources when writing a paper.

There are different citation styles which format information in different ways.  First, determine which citation style your paper should use based upon the instructor's requirements.  Then, select the tab for the appropriate citation style for more information and some examples.


Need More Help?

For additional assistance with any of these Citation Styles, consult the Academic Resource Center (ARC) by clicking the link above or speak with a Reference Librarian.



This LibGuide was created by Scott Pfitzinger, Information Commons & Technology Librarian at Butler University, Indianapolis, IN. Other users of LibGuides are welcome to use this Guide as a template and to make changes as necessary to fit their custom needs.

Please retain this box at the bottom of the Home page.


Research Papers

"The purpose of a research paper is to synthesize previous research and scholarship with your ideas on the subject. Therefore, you should feel free to use other persons' words, facts, and thoughts in your research paper, but the material you borrow must not be presented as if it were your own creation."

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th Edition. New York: MLA. 55. Print.



There are three main styles of citation: MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian. Each style is usually used in different academic disciplines. For example:

  • MLA style is typically used by the Humanities
  • APA style is often used by Education, Psychology, and Business.
  • Chicago/Turabian is generally used by History and some of the Fine Arts

Check with your professor to make sure you use the required style. And whatever style you choose, BE CONSISTENT!



Need help creating citations?  Look no further than KnightCite!  From Calvin College's Hekman Library, KnightCite is an interactive Web tool for producing citations to credit other's information.  Citations can be created in MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.

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